Here’s the list of top 10 judgements of 2021:
National Defence Academy was never meant for women for up to three decades since it was inaugurated 66 years ago. After all the speculation of women’s ‘ability to do or not to do certain things, not since independence but from early ages, here we are celebrating women entry into the nation’s high esteemed defence academy. The government and the Indian Army’s Additional Solicitor General Aishwarya Bhati informed the court that it is a policy choice not to let women sit the NDA exam. The Supreme Court labelled gender discrimination. “It is a policy choice based on gender discrimination. We order the Centre and the Army to adopt a constructive perspective of the case…,” stated the Bench of Justices Sanjay Kishan Kaul and Hrishikesh Roy, expressing dissatisfaction with the “regressive mentality.”
Now females will be sitting for the NDA examination which is going to be held on 5 September. Kush Kalra filed a writ case requesting authorization for women to take the NDA entrance exam. The appeal addressed the issue of a breach of Articles 14, 15, 16, and 19 of the Indian Constitution by denying qualified female candidates the right to join the NDA. The government allows unmarried male candidates with appropriate 10+2 qualifications to take the National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examinations, but able to qualify and willing female candidates are not permitted to give this investigation on the sole basis of their gender and without any rational or legitimate explanations, according to the petitioner. Women who were eligible and wishful enough to participate in the examination were solely deprived of their rights based on their gender. This very act or policy defies the very fundamental values of the constitution.
The Supreme Court ruled on 7.09.2021 that railway companies must pay compensation for late trains unless they give proof and explain why they are late. In this regard, the Court upheld the order of the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, New Delhi, which had confirmed the original order of the District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum, Alwar, allowing the complaint filed by the respondent in the current matter and directing the Northern Western Railway to pay Rs. 15,000/- for taxi expenses and Rs. 10,000/- for booking expenses and Rs. 5000/- for mental agony and litigation expense. A Bench of Justices MR Shah and Aniruddha Bose was hearing a special leave plea filed by the Northern Western Railway, which was dissatisfied with the ruling. The respondent claimed that because the Ajmer Jammu Express Train was four hours late, he missed his connecting flight from Jammu to Srinagar, which was scheduled to depart at 12:00 noon. As a result of having to go to Srinagar by taxi, he lost Rs. 9,000/- in-flight fare and had to spend Rs.15,000/- in taxi costs. The respondent additionally lost Rs. 10,000/- due to the hiring of a boat in Dal Lake.
The Aurangabad bench of the Bombay High Court dismissed a plea by a 36-year-old man Parmeshwar Dhage from Maharashtra’s Jalna district challenging his conviction for outraging the modesty of the victim. The accused was convicted by a trial court for touching the feet of a woman in her sleep.
“Touching any part of the body of a woman without her consent, that too in the dead hour of the night, by a stranger amounts to a violation of modesty of a woman. The applicant did not enter the house of the victim with any sublime motive. He had ensured in the evening from the victim that her husband would not be present in the house at night. This clearly indicates that the applicant had gone there with sexual intent and violated the modesty of the informant. Therefore, the trial court did not commit any error in holding that the applicant had molested the victim.”
The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission has awarded a lady Rs 2 crore in compensation after workers at a salon at Hotel ITC Maurya gave her a bad haircut and treatment in 2018, leaving her “with little or practically no hair.” The complainant was a hair product model.
The lady claimed she suffered “serious mental breakdown and low self-esteem” since she “always had long hair and has been left with little or no hair due to ITC Hotels Ltd’s negligence.” The case’s responses argued that the complainant’s “compensation claims are ex-facie excessive and without any substance.”
“No foundation for the demand for compensation to be valued at Rs 3 crore has been laid forth in the complaint. The complainant has purposefully exaggerated the purported claim in order to invoke the jurisdiction of this Hon’ble Court, and the case is likely to be rejected for lack of financial jurisdiction.”
A man’s body identified as Lakhbir Singh has been found tied to an overturned police barrier at the farmers’ protest site on the Singhu border this morning, with his left wrist cut and a puddle of blood on the ground. Nihangs are suspected of carrying out the heinous act of desecration against the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh community’s holy book. However, the police have yet to release an official comment on the situation. The event has already sparked fury among the farmers, who first refused to allow the police to investigate. However, Kundli police station authorities were later permitted to transport the body to a neighbouring public hospital.
The Nihangs, some of whom are holding spears and surrounding his corpse, can be heard demanding that the victim give them his name and hometown. None of the males in the video helps the victim or cares about his horrible injuries.
Another video shows the man’s body hanging upside down with a rope, his bloodied left hand, and a puddle of blood on the floor.
Four farmers were killed in a violent incident where a speeding car was driven by the son of Union Minister and BJP MP Ajay Kumar Mishra. And four people from the convoy were killed by the protesting farmers.
A chargesheet of 5,000 pages was filed by the Uttar Pradesh Police before a court. The charge sheet filed in the court is in connection with the Lakhimpur Kheri violence that killed eight people, including four farmers, during a protest in Lakhimpur Kheri district against the Centre’s three farm laws on October 3.
Union Minister Ajay Mishra’s son, Ashish Mishra name has been cited as the prime accused. According to the protesting farmers who witnessed the incident said that a vehicle belonging to Ashish Mishra, had run over the protestors. The SUV which had run over the farmers was the pet of the convoy of Union Minister of State for Home Affairs and BJP MP Ajay Kumar Mishra.
The Supreme Court held that a general argument on the day of the incident is insufficient to constitute the offence of abetment of suicide under section 306 of the Indian Penal Code. The panel of Justices MR Shah and Aniruddha Bose reaffirmed that mere harassment without any affirmative action on the part of the accused in the immediate event of an accident that resulted in suicide would not be considered an offence under Section 306.
Both the accused and his wife consumed pesticide after a fight. Although the accused lived, his wife died as a result of taking the pesticide. A charge sheet was filed against the accused of the act under Section 306 IPC after a complaint was submitted by the deceased’s brother.
The court observed in its decision that the accused and the dead married before the age of 25, thus the presumption under Section 113-A of the Evidence Act did not apply.
For the very first time, a Kanpur youth was sentenced to ten years in prison and fined Rs 30,000 under Uttar Pradesh’s ‘Love Jihad’ law.
The incident occurred in May 2017, when a young man named Javed allegedly introduced himself as Munna to the minor and promised to marry her, after which the couple eloped. After learning of the incident, police filed a report and arrested the teen the next day.
According to reports, when the girl arrived at her husband’s house, he revealed his identity and demanded a ‘Nikah,’ which she refused. She also claimed that the adolescent had raped her. A case has been filed, among other things, under relevant sections of the POCSO Act, and the accused has been sent to prison. No person shall convert, either directly or indirectly, from one religion to another by use or practise of misrepresentation, force, undue influence, coercion, allurement, or any fraudulent means, or by marriage
The Punjab and Haryana High Court granted protection to a Muslim girl who married a Hindu man, given the fact that she is of marriageable age under Muslim Personal Law.
The Union Cabinet approved a proposal to raise the legal age of marriage for women from 18 to 21 years, the same as men, more than a year after Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the plan during his Independence Day address in 2020.
The government plans to amend the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act of 2006, as well as the Special Marriage Act and personal laws like the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955.
According to Article 195 of Sir Dinshah Fardunji Mulla’s book “Principles of Mohammedan Law,” “Every Mahomedan of sound mind, who has attained puberty, may enter into a contract of marriage,” and “Puberty is presumed, in the absence of evidence, on completion of the age of fifteen.”
An affidavit was submitted by the Centre in Supreme Court stating that if a person dies within 30 days of being diagnosed with coronavirus infection, then it will be considered a covid death. It includes suicide cases as well.
The family members of the people who lost their lives due to covid or who died within 30 days from being diagnosed as Covid-19 patients will be given financial help from the central government as granted under State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) as per the health ministry guidelines. ”Any death certificate issued prior to new guidelines coming into force or rectified by the district level committee shall be treated as a valid document for considering any death as death due to Covid-19.”