Attorney General KK Venugopal said that the right to access justice at a reasonable cost and time is a fundamental right and that a 30-year wait for a case to reach the Supreme Court cannot be considered reasonable while advocating for four courts of appeals in four parts of the country to relieve the Supreme Court of its massive workload.
He believes that the Supreme Court’s current role should be remodelled and that it should be transformed into a purely Constitutional court hearing only cases involving constitutional interpretation issues.
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I envision at least four regions – the north, south, west, and east – each with its own court of appeal with 15 judges. Pendency would be reduced, allowing you to resolve the cases in three or four years. The number of cases pending in the Supreme Court will decrease as a result. These 34 judges will not be required by the Supreme Court. It will suffice to have 15 judges sitting in three constitution benches of five judges each. Judges will have the ability to listen patiently and write excellent decisions.
“Justice can be secured to the extent that it can be accessed,” President Ram Nath Kovind, who presided over the Supreme Court event, said. There are two major barriers to access to justice: the cost of litigation and the language barrier.” He reaffirmed his commitment to providing pro bono (free) legal services to low-income litigants.
Ravi Shankar Prasad, the law minister, praised the judiciary for upholding the rule of law in the face of adversity, saying that public trust was the judiciary’s most valuable asset.
The appointment of most meritorious people to the higher judiciary is a constitutional mandate, according to Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) President Vikas Singh, who was also present at the event. The judiciary serves as an interface between the Constitution of India and the citizens.
The Collegium will determine who is eligible for appointment to the higher judiciary, and the Secretariat will keep a running list of those who meet the criteria.