Anti-Doping Rules are adopted and implemented in accordance with the Code’s responsibilities for the India National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) and in support of NADA’s ongoing efforts to eradicate doping in sport in India. Anti-Doping Rules are sporting regulations that govern the conditions in which a sport is played. They are distinct from criminal and civil laws in that they are aimed at enforcing anti-doping rules in a global and harmonised manner. NADA will be in charge of all aspects of doping control, as stipulated in the Code.
Anti-doping programmes are based on sport’s inherent value. The ethical pursuit of human excellence through the dedicated perfection of each Athlete’s natural talents is often referred to as “the spirit of sport.”
Anti-doping programmes are designed to protect athletes’ health while also allowing them to pursue human excellence without the use of Prohibited Substances and Methods.
Anti-doping programmes aim to maintain sport’s integrity in terms of adherence to rules, respect for other competitors, fair competition, a level playing field, and the global value of clean sport.
Highlights of the Bill
- It is the Athletes’ personal duty to ensure that no Prohibited Substance enters their bodies. Athletes are responsible for any Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers found to be present in their Samples.
- The success or failure of the Use or Attempted Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method is not material. It is sufficient that the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method was Used or Attempted to be used for an anti-doping rule violation to be committed.
- Athlete or other person trafficking or attempting to traffic in any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.
- The burden of proof for NADA will be to prove that an anti-doping rule violation has occurred.
- The Prohibited Substances and Methods that will be included on the Prohibited List will be determined by WADA.
- Anti-doping testing and investigations can be carried out for any reason
- To detect Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods, samples and related analytical data or Doping Control information must be analysed.
The spirit of sport is the celebration of the human spirit, body and mind. It is the essence of Olympism and is reflected in the values we find in and through sport, including:
• Ethics, fair play and honesty
• Athletes’ rights as set forth in the Code
• Excellence in performance
• Character and Education
• Fun and joy
• Dedication and commitment
• Respect for rules and laws
• Respect for self and other Participants
It may be remembered that, prior to the Rio Olympics, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) pressed Kenya to pass anti-doping legislation because the country lacked a structure to combat the problem, and many of its athletes were caught doping, contrary to popular belief. Kenya made it just in time to avoid a WADA recommendation that could have resulted in its participation in Rio being barred by the International Olympic Committee.
Though several countries have passed laws dealing with various aspects of anti-doping rule violations, only a few have a provision that allows an athlete to be sentenced to prison for a doping offence.
China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mexico, New Zealand, Nicaragua, and Tunisia all have laws prohibiting the trafficking of WADA-prohibited drugs. Australia has provisions for drug offenders to face jail time, but it has primarily focused on harsh penalties for steroid trafficking. It also has laws that make it illegal to import drugs, which may require an athlete to use a ‘therapeutic use‘ exemption.