A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) has been filed in the Supreme Court of India, seeking that the Union of India improvises forensic science and scientific techniques to improve the method of investigation. The writ petition sought orders to strengthen the role of forensic science in crime scene investigation and to put the Malimath Committee’s 2003 recommendations for efficient criminal case investigation using forensic experts and advanced technologies into action.
Advocates Shrikant Prasad and Vishal Patel, a final-year law student, filed the petition. The petitioners are requesting that the States and Union Territories appoint forensic experts in every district, with at least one forensic expert in each police station, as soon as possible.
The petition also sought directions from the state to improve and expand forensic science education by establishing forensic science courses in every college taught by faculty with forensic expertise. In addition, an amendment to Section 157 of the CrPC in terms of forensic scientific investigation with the assistance of forensic experts has been requested.
The petitioners have asked the Court to order all states and territories to establish mobile forensic laboratories in each district based on the number of police stations in order to preserve evidence and to provide basic forensic kits for evidence tracing in each police station. In contrast to India’s current situation, the petitioners have emphasised the importance of forensic laboratories being independent of any department.
The petitioners argue that in India, the majority of the time, when it comes to criminal justice, the innocent are punished and that as a result, reforms must be improved and effective. As a result, the so-called “Malimath Committee” recommended that forensic science be prioritised in investigations and criminal proceedings.
The PIL states somehow stated misleading statements as according to 2019 data, India’s forensic laboratories have reduced the time it takes for DNA testing cases by 50% on average across the country. Delhi and Maharashtra have outperformed the rest of the country. They’ve been seen working steadily and quickly to expand district-level facilities, bolstering their workforce with more experts and technical staff equipped with high-throughput equipment to speed up investigations and provide breakthroughs.
The Union Ministry of Women and Child Welfare took the most significant step in upgrading the Chandigarh CFSL with a state-of-the-art ‘Sakhi Suraksha‘ lab to speed up the investigation and prosecution of violent crimes against women. Forensic has established itself as the most dependable crime-fighting technology around the world. With promising results, many countries are successfully using forensic labs and protocols to collect, test, and compare DNA at crime scenes with that of suspects as India doing and improving the same accordingly.
While the world’s legal systems are increasingly relying on DNA forensics to solve crimes, India’s progress undoubtedly has been slow. Justice continues to be hampered by a lack of scientific methods in investigations and a proper policy framework in the country but it will surely take up its pace.